GEVULOT (Heb. גְּבוּלוֹת), kibbutz in southern Israel, 20 mi. (32 km.) W. of Beersheba, affiliated with Kibbutz Arẓi ha-Shomer ha-Ẓa'ir, founded in 1943 as the first of the three "observation outposts" established to explore settlement conditions in the Negev (the other two were bet eshel and revivim ). The sandy loess soil of the region proved cultivable despite the severe lack of water. In 1946, on the basis of Gevulot's successful experiments, 11 additional settlements were erected in the south and the Negev. In the war of independence (1948) the isolated kibbutz held out against the long Egyptian siege until Operation Ten Plagues (October 1948). With water made available through the Yarkon-Negev pipeline in the 1950s, the kibbutz developed intensive farm branches   such as field crops, dairy cattle, poultry, and flowers. Its factory made polymers products. The kibbutz also made a living from tourism, including a guesthouse and its Watch Tower tourist site. In 2002 its population was 251. Gevulot's name, "Borders," was chosen as the kibbutz was, at the time of its founding, the Jewish settlement nearest to the Egyptian border. (Efraim Orni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gvulot Tourism & Vacations — (Gevulot,Израиль) Категория отеля: Адрес: Kibbutz Gvulot, Gevulot, 85585 …   Каталог отелей

  • HUMAN GEOGRAPHY — In respect of human as well as of physical geography, it is convenient to divide the Land of Israel into four major units: 1. the Mediterranean Coastal Plain 2. the hill regions of northern and central Cisjordan (west of the Jordan) 3. the Rift… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Dalit Bloch — (* 6. Juni 1959 in Be er Scheva) ist eine israelisch schweizerische Schauspielerin, Regisseurin, Theaterpädagogin, Atemtherapeutin und Lehrerin der Alexandertechnik. Bloch wuchs im Kibbuz Gevulot und ab 1966 in Basel auf. Sie absolvierte die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Rokeah — (* 22. Juli 1916 in Lemberg; † 29. Mai 1985 in Duisburg) war ein israelischer Dichter. Leben 1934 wanderte er in Palästina ein und verdingte sich zunächst im Straßenbau und im Orangenanbau. Später durchlief er eine Ausbildung zum Elektroingenieur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH OF VILNA — (1750–1808), talmudic and midrashic scholar. Abraham received most of his education from his father elijah b. solomon zalman , the Vilna Gaon. He acquired complete command of rabbinic literature and much general knowledge. He had a strikingly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DIESENDRUCK, ZEVI — (1890–1940), philosopher, scholar. Born in Stryj, Galicia, he studied in Vienna. He also taught in Palestine (1913), attended the University of Berlin (1915), and in World War I joined the Austrian army. After the war, he served on the faculties… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINSTEIN, MOSES — (1895–1986), rabbi and leader of American Orthodoxy. Feinstein was born in Uzda, near Minsk, Belorussia, where his father, from whom he received his early education, was rabbi. In 1921 he became rabbi of Luban, near Minsk, where he served until… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HAREVEN, SHULAMITH — (1930–2003), Israel author. Hareven was born in Warsaw, Poland; she arrived in Ereẓ Israel in 1940 and lived in Jerusalem. She served in the Haganah underground and was a combat medic during the War of Independence. Later she worked with refugees …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAẒOR ASHDOD — (Heb. חָצוֹר אַשְׁדּוֹד), kibbutz in the southern Coastal Plain of Israel, affiliated with Kibbutz Arẓi Ha Shomer ha Ẓa ir. It was founded together with 10 other settlements in the south and the Negev on Oct. 6, 1946, by a group which had… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”